Earlier this month I wrote an article on Business Insider explaining how I believed Groupon may have used Google as its BATNA (best alternative to a negotiated agreement) to create more liquidity, and it appears they may have done just that.
According to the SEC Form D filing by Groupon, they just closed on $500 million of a $950 million round they are raising. Interestingly, the filing also states that existing shareholders will receive $344 million in liquidity in this round. While the filing is not 100% clear what portion, if any, of the $344 million is founders liquidity, I assume both the founders and existing investors are receiving liquidity in this round.
Under Item 16 of the Form D filing, which is the Use of Proceeds section, it asks the Company to provide the amount of the gross proceeds of the offering that has been or is proposed to be used for payments to any of the persons required to be named as executive offers, directors or promoters in response to Item 3 in the Form D filing. Groupon listed that they will use $355,547,138, and gave the following clarification for the use of proceeds:
A portion of the gross proceeds will be used to pay for shares repurchased by the Issuer in a tender offer for shares held by, among others, certain of the persons named in response to Item 3 above and/or their respective affiliates.
According to Fred Wilson of Union Square Ventures, entrepreneurs often have to hold out longer than VCs in order to get a good exit, and he explains that if that’s the case, its entirely reasonable to provide some founders liquidity to them. Fred goes on to explain:
“I’ve also seen entrepreneurs choose to sell the company prematurely because they want to take some money off the table. If offered the opportunity to take a bit off the table and swing for the fences, many would prefer to do that“.
That appears to be the case with Groupon. Perhaps Google’s $6 billion offer to acquire Groupon was premature, and in order to swing for the fences, I think its reasonable to provide founders liquidity. Remaining private and utilizing the secondary markets for some liquidity in return for the that risk is the best case scenario for Groupon in my opinion. They remain in control of their business and its direction, they maintain their entrepreneurial spirit, there’s less scrutiny from the SEC and they take some cash off the table. Not a bad!
Additionally, it appears Groupon may have used a broker to source this deal, as Item 15 “Sales and Commission & Finder’s Fees Expenses” is checked off with $7,500,000 listed as a Finder’s Fee for the raise. It’s unclear if the Finder’s Fee is for the entire $950M or just the recent $500M for this portion of the round. We’re seeing more brokers involved in secondary transactions, helping to bring more liquidity to the secondary markets. I think this is great for accredited investors interested in investing in high growth technology companies that they would otherwise not have been exposed to. Generally these companies have been reserved for the institutional venture capital investors. These brokers are helping the market by creating more liquidity and more favorable terms to the founders, their shareholders and employees by increasing the demand for their shares. Its great for all parties.
Well played Groupon. Well played.
If search is any indication of what people want, they want Facebook more than twice as much as Google and Yahoo according to Google Trends.
I also compared the most popular social media companies to Facebook on Google Trends, to see if perhaps social media properties skew higher than the old Internet titans. They don’t.
I was curious how Google compared to the old titans, and interesting, Yahoo and Google are neck and neck.
To be fair, these results are based on Google search results, so I’m not quite sure why someone would go to Google to search the keyword term “Google”, but it was fun to pulling the data.
To learn more about how Google Trends are calculated, click here.
Jay Gould maintains a long position in shares of Facebook (private).
As we’ve said before, the need for growth companies to be acquired or chase that rubber chicken laced road show circuit to go public through an IPO aren’t private companies only option anymore. While the world can only speculate as to what Groupon will ultimately do, one thing is for sure, they have done wonders in creating shareholder value and increasing their private market value in their very public negotiations with Google.
Perhaps Google was Groupons’ BATNA (best alternative to a negotiated agreement) to the secondary market? Just eight months ago Groupon raised $135 million on a $1.3 billion valuation from DST, which at the time was intended to be used to buyback equity from Groupon’s then 90+ employees as well as their early investors. Today, Groupon reportedly has 1,000 plus employees, and their revenues are north of $2 billion annually. With that kind of trajectory, did Groupon know their downside of walking from Google, or better yet, use Google to pump their valuation up for a new secondary sale of their private company stock, which will provide less dilution, preserve more control and protect their unique culture?
Again, one can only speculate.
The reality is, we just don’t know why Groupon would go public if the private market is providing a higher valuation for their shares and maintains more control for the founders that clearly seem to know what they are doing. We believe that with $2 billion in annual revenue, Groupon is already a “real-live business.” Further, we believe that Groupon can comfortably take its “fuck you money” off the table without having to negotiate further with any public company, Google included. Groupon could sell less shares to the private market than the public market, for less dilution, less scrutiny, less regulation while providing sufficient liquidity to its founders, investors and employees.
So perhaps a congratulations is in order for Groupon.